Myotubular myopathy is a rare and severe genetic disorder of skeletal muscle. It affects boys from birth and presents as generalized muscle weakness and hypotonia.
There is no specific treatment for the condition and most patients die during infancy following respiratory failure.
The proof of concept of the efficacy of gene therapy, based on the administration of an AAV (adeno-associated virus) vector carrying a normal copy of the mutated gene, was provided by the IGBMC in collaboration with Genethon using an animal model (Buj-Bello et al., Journal Human Mol Genet, 17, 2008).
Genethon initiated research on gene therapy treatment of myotubular myopathy in 2003 in collaboration with Anna Buj Bello who was then at IGBMC (Strasbourg) and later moved to Genethon. She was able to show the efficacy of a gene therapy strategy based on the administration of an AAV (Adeno-Associated Virus) vector carrying a normal copy of the mutated gene developed at IGBMC in an animal model, in collaboration with Genethon (Buj-Bello et al, Human Mol. Genet, 17, 2008).
In collaboration with American groups from the University of Washington in Seattle (Martin Childers) and Harvard Medical School in Boston (Alan Beggs), Genethon has demonstrated the efficacy of gene therapy in a dog model of myotubular myopathy. The treatment corrected the symptoms of the disease and prolonged survival in the treated animals. The vectors used for the gene therapy were developed and produced by Genethon.
This work has been published in Science Translational Medicine.
The AFM-Telethon in France, Muscular Dystrophy Association in the United States, Myotubular Trust in Britain, Anderson Family Foundation and Joshua Frase Foundation participated in the financing of this study.
Following these preclinical results, Genethon collaborated with Audentes Therapeutics, a biotechnology company specialized in the development of treatments for rare muscle disorders, in order to initiate a clinical trial for myotubular myopathy based on gene therapy.
The first clinical trial of gene therapy in myotubular myopathy, conducted by the biotechnology company Audentes, began, Thursday, September 21, in the United States. The first patient was treated on September 21st, just 8 years after the first proof of concept in the mouse model, obtained by Ana Buj Bello’s team at Genethon.
The gene therapy product AT132, combining AAV8 and the myotubularin gene, was designed by Genethon which conducted all pre-clinical phases successfully. The phase I / II trial consists in intravenous injection of an AAV8 vector containing a functional copy of the MTM1 gene coding for myotubularin , a defective protein in this pathology.
“This is an exceptional moment and a milestone for me; I have been working on this project at Genethon for 8 years. I deeply hope that the results obtained in the context of preclinical studies are also positive for the patients“, says Ana Buj-Bello. “The state-of-the-art technology used in this trial was developed as part of an exceptional collaborative effort between our Genethon laboratory and US teams. It is the fruit of a long-term effort. Candidate drug treatment initiated at Genethon by Ana Buj-Bello and her team, is now administered to a first patient, “said Frédéric Révah, CEO of Genethon
- Myotubular Myopathy : Genethon welcomes interim data of a phase I / II clinical trial with a gene therapy product developed in its laboratories (11/01/2018)
- Audentes Therapeutics announces dosing of first patient in ASPIRO for the treatment of X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy (21/09/2017)
- New step towards the treatment of myotubular myopathy: gene therapy restores strength and prolongs lives in affected dogs (05/04/2017)
- Audentes Therapeutics and Genethon Announce Agreement to Develop Treatment for Severe Genetic Disease X‐Linked Myotubular Myopathy (05/02/2014)
- Efficacy of gene therapy demonstrated in canine and murine models of myotubular myopathy (23/01/2014)
- Genethon and WAKE FOREST University School of Medicine (North Carolina) announce their collaboration for a preclinical gene therapy trial (08/03/2011)